Phase Inspections

Protect Your New Home With A Phase Inspection

 

Phase inspections are "snapshots" of work in progress when a new home is being built, and may well be the best inspection that money can buy. The reason for that is that information from the inspection can be used to help guide the process of building, helping to minimize errors and correct problems before the house is completed. While several municipalities have a building department, many areas do not. Are you having a house built in a rural or unincorporated area? If you are, you are at the mercy of your general contractor and the subs he provides. Maybe you have a general contractor you really trust, and that has great references. That much is good, but he is still trying to maximize his profit while you will want to maximize your value. As a third party with no vested interest in the property, a professional inspector can fulfill a vital role, that of assuring that there are no defects, intentional or otherwise, during the building process. 

Have me call you.

Foundation: Items to Look For
  • Designed for locality and soil conditions
  • Footings and slabs are on undisturbed or fully compacted soil
  • Moisture barrier present
  • Reinforcement placed correctly
  • Dimensions are correct
  • Slabs are level and even
  • Excessive water in the concrete mix
  • Expansion joints and control joints correctly placed
  • Supply lines, drain and waste vents are correct and properly protected

The items above are some of the major items I would want to look for as the foundation is being prepared, especially just prior to and during the pouring. Mistakes that are made on the foundation are hard to detect and expensive to repair once the concrete dries!

Structural Elements: Items to Look For
  • Window and door openings have adequate headers and supports
  • Load bearing elements correctly stacked
  • Pressure treated lumber where in close contact with cement
  • Rafters/trusses correctly placed, braced, and secured
  • Exterior sheathing correctly nailed

The items above are just a few points I would want to look for during the framing and exterior finish stage. "Minor" defects during this stage can lead to big headaches later on. 

Electrical
  • Service panel properly sized and grounded
  • GFCI receptacles installed in bathrooms, kitchen, exterior
  • AFCI breakers installed
  • Conductors properly secured and protected
  • Check for reverse polarity
  • Breakers adequate for appliances and circuits

These are a few of the items I will watch for as part of a phase inspection. 

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning
  • Ductwork insulated where running through unconditioned spaces
  • Ductwork sealed with mastic or suitable tape where joined
  • Adequate return air
  • Bathroom/other fans ventilated correctly
  • Adequate and safe combustion air
  • Adequate and safe combustion exhaust
  • Roof adequately vented
  • Brick veneer/ crawl spaces adequately vented
Insulation 
  • Insulation adequate for Energy Star recommendations in all areas of house
  • Holes from penetrations sealed in framing members
  • Exterior doors and windows sealed
Plumbing
  • Clean-outs as required
  • Drains and vents temporarily protected from vandalism
  • Vents, drains, and supply lines strapped securely and protected within the wall cavities
  • Supply lines insulated as needed
  • Fixture locations verified
  • Fixture installations inspected
Interiors
  • drywall fasteners correct
  • doors installed square and plumb
  • substrates correct for tile and other flooring
  • smoke detectors
  • carbon monoxide detectors
  • windows operate easily and are clean
  • hardware functioning as intended
  • appliances installed and functioning as intended
  • systems functioning as intended
Exteriors
  • roof sheathing correctly nailed
  • roof underlayment correctly installed
  • shingles or roof covering correctly installed
  • flashings adequate in areas where needed
  • vents and other terminations correctly installed
  • wall sheathing correctly fastened and sealed as recommended
  • underlayment correctly installed
  • windows fastened as required by manufacturer
  • windows sealed and flashed
  • siding six inches above dirt grade
  • counter flashing as needed
  • stucco and other finishes installed correctly
  • final grading provides positive drainage away from foundation
  • gutters installed
  • caulking and paint provide an effective barrier to the elements
  • exterior fixtures are water tight
Website Hosting by Home Inspector Pro Website Hosting - Admin Login